Vital Records are records of life events that are kept under governmental authority. It consists of birth certificates, marriage licenses, death certificates, criminal records and Divorce Records. In some jurisdictions, vital records may also include records of civil unions or domestic partnerships. Freedom of Information Legislation comprises laws that guarantee access to data held by the government or state. The legislation has established a right to know legal process by which every request may be made for information held by the government, to be received freely or at minimal cost, and barring standard exceptions. In many countries there are constitutional guarantees for the right of access to information, but usually these are unused if specific support legislation does not exist. However, not every jurisdiction have agreed or applied this kind of act, some are still in process and some were not allowed at all.
Divorce must be confirmed by a court law and in front of the judge before coming into full effect. The term divorce is defined as the final termination of a marital union, canceling the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage and dissolving the bonds of matrimony between the parties. Divorce laws vary in different countries depending on their beliefs, culture, religion and its people. Most countries require the sanction of a court or other legal authority in a legal and right process. Legal divorce process may also involve issues of alimony, child custody, child support, distribution of property and division of debt.
The cost of gaining access to information held by the public bodies or the government should not be so high as to deter any potential applicants, given that the whole rationale behind freedom of information laws is to promote open access to information. In some jurisdictions a different system has been used involving flat fees for each request along with graduated fees depending on the actual cost of retrieving and providing the information. These fees include the cost of materials used, labor and services provided by the office.
Freedom of information implies not only that public body accedes to requests for information, but also publishes and disseminates widely documents of significant public interest, subject only to reasonable limits based on resources and capacity. Any information that is to be published will depend on the public bodies concerned. There are corresponding classifications of information that are mentioned below.
The right of information on any requests, complaints or other direct actions which members of the public may take in relation is the first of the classifications. Next is the type of information which the body holds and the form in which this information is held. This is followed by the content of any decision or policy affecting the public, along with the reason for the decision and background material of importance in framing the decision. Fourth, operational information about how the public body functions, including costs, objectives, audited accounts, standards, achievements and so on, particularly where the body provides direct services to the public. Lastly, the right only covers recorded information which includes information held on computers, in emails and in printed or handwritten documents as well as images, video and audio recordings.